The temple, formerly named Wat Bangwayai, was built in the Ayutthaya period. It was restored and appointed a Royal temple by King Taksin of Thonburi who also sponsored the revision of the tripitaka scriptures at the temple.
During the reign of King Rama I, a melodious rakhang or bell was found in the temple compound. The King order it to be moved to the Temple of the Emerald Buddha, and had five new bells sent back in exchange. The king then changed the temple’s name to Wat Rakhangkositaram. In the reign of King Rama IV the name was to be changed again to Wat Rajkanthiyaram (“kanthi” meaning bell). But people did not accept this name, and the temple is still called Wat Rakhang today.
Ubosot: This is in the style of King Rama I’s reign. Its three-tiered roof is decorated in Thai style, and the murals are by Phra Wanwadwichit a great artist of the King Rama VI era.
Prang: This stupa dates from the reign King Rama I. It is regarded as “the finest example its style.”
Hor Rakhang: The belfry is the symbol of temple, built in the four-gable style of the I Ayutthaya and early Rattanakosin periods. The presented by King Rama I are on the upper floor.
Hor Trai: The scriptures hall consists of th adjoining buildings with a common corridor and also in the late Ayutthaya/early Rattanakosin s 7′ This former residence of King Rama I has been declared one of “the most outstanding examp of Thai architecture.”
Address: 250 Arun Amorin Road Sirirai Sub-District Bangkoknoi District Bangkok 10700Phone:(662) 411-2255 418-2729Bus: No. 19 57 83
Opening Hours: Temple: Daily 5 am-9 pm Ubosot: Daily 6 om-6 pm Wihon Somdet: Daily 8 arn-5 pm
Admission Fee: Free Admission
To get there: Peir: 1. Chao Phraya Express Boat: Railway Station Pier Wang Lang Pier 2. Ferry: Tho Chang Pier Wat Rakhang Pier
The temple is located on Fuang Nakhon Road near Wat Pho. Built by King Rama V in 1869, it was in keeping with tradition that each monarch constructed a temple to mark his reign. The temple is a mixture of local and western styles, showing an awakening interest in new ideas and a desire to experiment with them. The exterior of the chapel is in the Thai style, but the interior is decorated in the European style.
THINGS TO KNOW:
Open: Daily from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Tel: 0 2221 0904, 0 2222 3930
This temple is located at the foot of the Rama I Memorial Bridge on the Bangkok side. Built in the late Ayutthaya period by a Chinese merchant, it is otherwise known as Wat Liap and is one of the 3 principal temples of the capital which include Wat Ratchaburana, Wat Ratchapradit and Wat Mahathat. It had been regularly restored since the reign of King Rama I through to the reign of King Rama VII, except in the sixth reign. Some of the temples principal buildings, especially Phra Ubosot the ordination hall which houses mural paintings by Khrua In Khong, were badly damaged by bombing during World War II. The buildings were later restored to their good condition as they appear today.
THINGS TO KNOW:
Address: Chakkraphet Road, Wangburapha Subdistrict, Phra Nakorn District, Bangkok
Tel: 0 2225 1595
Open: Daily from 6 a.m. – 6 p.m.
Nearby places/attractions: Pak Klong Talat, Memorial Bridge (Saphan Phut)
Located on Mahachai Road, the temple was built in the reign of King Rama III in 1846. Loha Prasat, the temples main attraction, standing 36 metres high with 37 surrounding spires, is the only one of its kind left in the world. Next to the temple is the area for welcoming an important foreign guest and a memorial statue of King Rama III.
THINGS TO KNOW:
Open: Daily from 8 a.m.- 5 p.m.
Tel: 0 2224 8807, 0 2225 5749
Nearby Attractions: Democracy Monument, Golden Mountain
Situated to the north of Saran Rom Park, the temple is relatively small and covers a total area of approximately 2 rai. It was built in the reign of King Rama IV who intended it to be a temple in the Dhammayutika Sect as well as to be one of the 3 major temples as required by an old tradition to be situated within the capital. The place was originally a royal coffee plantation in the reign of King Rama III. With his personal donation, King Rama IV bought the plantation and had a small temple constructed there, naming it Wat Ratchapradit Sathitthammayutikaram. Later, he had the name changed to Wat Ratchapradit Sathitmahasimaram. A place of interest in this temple is Phra Wihan Luang – the royal image hall – which houses mural paintings depicting The Royal Ceremonies over 12 Months and legend of the solar eclipse phenomenon.
Open: Daily from 8 a.m.- 6 p.m.
Founded at the center of Rattanakosin Island, Wat Suthat is one of Thailand’s six most important temples. It is also categorized as a First Class Royal Temple. King Rama I wanted to make it the central temple of Bangkok; construction started in 1807, and lasted until the reign of King Rama VII.
This temple has the longest ubosot in Thailand (72m). Temple murals were painted by artisans in the reign of King Rama III. The principal Buddha image is named Phra Puttatri Lokachet and is cast in alloy in the Subduing Mara position.
Phra Wihan Luang: copied from Wat Mongkolpobhit in Ayutthaya. The central pair of doors were designed by King Rama II, who started the carving. The murals are considered by many to be the most beautiful artwork of the Rattanakosin period.
Phra Wihan Kod: built in the reign of King Rama II, and surround the Phra Wiahn Luang on all four sides. There are 156 buddha images enshrined inside. The door frames are decorated iwht lacquered images of Sio Kang.
Phra Sri Sakyamuni: cast in bronze with the base of pure cloth, in front of Phra Puttabanlang, containing the remains of King Rama VII.
Satta Mahasathan or “the Seven Places” represent the places the Lord Buddha resided after enlightenment. King Rama III ordered them to be copied from Phrathat Chedi.
THINGS TO KNOW:
Address: 146 Bamrung Muang Road
Tel: 0 2224 9845
Fax: 0 2222-6935
To get there: Bus routes 12, 15, 42, 73, 96, 508
Open: 8.30-21.00 daily
Nearby Places/Attractions: Democracy Monument, Golden Mountain
Located on Mahachai Road, the temple was built in the reign of King Rama III with a mixture of Chinese architectural styles. Sunthon Phu, one of Thailand’s greatest poets, had resided in this temple during his monkshood from 1840 – 1842.
THINGS TO KNOW:
Open: Daily from 8 a.m. – 5 p.m.
Tel: 0 2222 5067
Nearby Places/Attractions; Wat Ratchanatdaram, Golden Mountain
Wat Trai Mit, near the Bangkok Railway Station at Hua Lamphong, is home to the famous Golden Buddha which is 3 metres high.
The Golden Buddha is believed to be 700 to 800 years old as it is in the Mara attitude, typical of the Sukhothai era. It was installed at Wat Phrayakrai in the Yannawa area of Bangkok during the reign of King Rama III where it stayed until 1931.
The temple had fallen out of use and was abandoned so the Ecclesiastical Commission had it relocated at Wat Trai Mit. At this time, no one seemed to know that it was made of pure gold.
Then in 1955, Reverend Phra Visutha-thibordee, the presiding abbot at the temple had supervised the construction of the temple building to house the Buddha. When it was being moved into its new position, the covering plaster was damaged revealing what was inside – Buddha image cast in 18 carat gold. It is believed that the original Golden Buddha was disguised under the plaster covering to hide it from enemies during the Ayutthaya period. Photographs of different stages of the plaster removal are displayed in the Wihan.
THINGS TO KNOW:
Address: near Chinese Gate, Chinatown area, Yaowarat road
Tel : 0 2225 9775
How to get there : take Metro to Hua Lamphong MRT Station and continue walking for 300 metres or Bus routes 4, 7, 21, 25, 501
Open : Daily from 8 a.m. – 5 p.m.
Admission : 20 baht